Holidays: Christian feast day:
October 18 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

October 17 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - October 19

Holidays: Persons Day (Canada)

Persons Day is an annual celebration in Canada, held on October 18. The day commemorates the case of Edwards v. Canada , more commonly known as The Persons Case – a famous Canadian constitutional case decided on October 18, 1929, by the Judicial Committee of the Imperial Privy Council, which at that time was the court of last resort for Canada. The Persons Case held that women were eligible to sit…

Events 1748: Signing of the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle ends the War of the Austrian Succession.

The 1748 Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle, sometimes called the Treaty of Aachen, ended the War of the Austrian Succession, following a congress assembled on 24 April 1748 at the Free Imperial City of Aachen.

Deaths 1979: S. J. Perelman, American humorist and screenwriter (b. 1904)

Sidney Joseph "S.J." Perelman was an American humorist and screenwriter. He is best known for his humorous short pieces written over many years for The New Yorker. He also wrote for several other magazines, including Judge, as well as books, scripts, and screenplays. Perelman received an Academy Award for screenwriting in 1956.

Births 1940: Peter Stringfellow, English businessman (d. 2018)

Peter James Stringfellow was an English businessman who owned several nightclubs.

Holidays: Christian feast day:
Florentius of Orange

Saint Florentius of Orange was bishop of the city of Orange in France around 517-524. Recognized as a saint by the Roman Catholic Church, his feast day is on 17 October.

Births 1944: Kaizer Motaung, South African footballer and manager

Kaizer Motaung OIS is a former South African association football player and founder of Kaizer Chiefs FC, of which he is chairman and managing director. He was nicknamed "Chincha Guluva".

Events 1793: French Revolution: Queen Marie Antoinette is executed.

Marie Antoinette was the last queen of France before the French Revolution. She was born an archduchess of Austria and was the penultimate child and youngest daughter of Empress Maria Theresa and Emperor Francis I. She became dauphine of France in May 1770 at age 14 upon her marriage to Louis-Auguste, heir apparent to the French throne. On 10 May 1774, her husband ascended the throne as Louis XVI …

Holidays: Death anniversary of Liaquat Ali Khan (Pakistan)

Pakistan holidays are celebrated according to the Islamic or Gregorian calendars for religious and civil purposes, respectively. Religious festivals like Eid are celebrated according to the Islamic calendar whereas other national holidays like international labour day, Pakistan day, and Quaid-i-Azam Day are celebrated according to the Gregorian calendar.

Holidays: Christian feast day:
October 15 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

October 14 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - October 16

Deaths 2014: Giovanni Reale, Italian philosopher and historian (b. 1931)

Giovanni Reale was an Italian historian of philosophy.

Deaths 996: Al-Aziz Billah, Fatimid caliph (b. 955)

Abu Mansur Nizar, known by his regnal name as al-Aziz Billah, was the fifth caliph of the Fatimid dynasty, from 975 to his death in 996.

Holidays: World Standards Day (International)

World Standards Day is an international day celebrated internationally each year on 14 October. The day honours the efforts of the thousands of experts who develop voluntary standards within standards development organizations such as the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), International Ethics Standards Board for Accountants (IESBA), …

Holidays: Defender of Ukraine Day (Ukraine)

Defenders and Defendresses of Ukraine Day is a state holiday in Ukraine celebrated annually on 14 October. Its first celebration was in 2015. Starting from 2015, this day is considered a public holiday.

Holidays: Christian feast day:
Daniel and companions, of Ceuta

According to the Chronicle of the Twenty-Four Generals of the Order of Friars Minor, Daniel and companions were seven Friars Minor martyred at Ceuta on 10 October 1227. The names of Daniel's companions are borrowed from the authentic account of the martyrdom of Berard of Carbio and his companions in 1220.

Births 1971: Sacha Baron Cohen, English comedian, actor, and screenwriter

Sacha Noam Baron Cohen is an English actor, comedian, writer, and producer. He is best known for his creation and portrayal of the fictional satirical characters Ali G, Borat Sagdiyev, Brüno Gehard, and Admiral General Aladeen. He adopts a variety of accents and guises for his characters and interacts with unsuspecting subjects who do not realise they have been set up. At the 2012 British Comedy A…

Holidays: Christian feast day:
Blessed Alexandrina of Balasar

Alexandrina Maria da Costa, best known as Blessed Alexandrina of Balazar, was a Portuguese mystic and victim soul, member of the Association of Salesian Cooperators, who was born and died in Balazar. Alexandrina left many written works, which have been studied mainly in Italy by Father Umberto Pasquale. On 25 April 2004 she was declared blessed by Pope John Paul II who stated that "her secret to h…

Holidays: Discovery of America by Columbus-related observances (see also October 8):
Día de la Hispanidad or Fiesta Nacional de España, also Armed Forces Day (Spain)

Columbus Day is a national holiday in many countries of the Americas and elsewhere, and a federal holiday in the United States, which officially celebrates the anniversary of Christopher Columbus's arrival in the Americas on October 12, 1492.

Events 1992: A 5.8 earthquake occurred in Cairo, Egypt. At least 510 died.

The 1992 Cairo earthquake occurred at 15:09 local time on 12 October, with an epicenter near Dahshur, 35 km (22 mi) south of Cairo. The earthquake had a magnitude of either 5.8 or 5.9, but was unusually destructive for its size, causing 545 deaths, injuring 6,512 and making 50,000 people homeless. It was the most damaging seismic event to affect Cairo since 1847.

Holidays: Christian feast days:
Maria Soledad Torres y Acosta

María Soledad Torres y Acosta - born Manuela - was a Spanish Roman Catholic professed religious and the founder of the Servants of Mary. Her apostolic actions - and those of her order - were dedicated towards the nursing of the sick and the poor in the places that it operated in. Torres' childhood consisted of the desire to join the religious life and managed to join a priest's fledgling religious…

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