Ted Oliver

Edward "Ted" Oliver (1927 - April 2, 2013) was a Canadian Bahá’í who served as an Auxiliary Board member for the Americas.
Oliver was born in approximately 1927 to Harry and Ethel May Oliver. In his youth he studied electrical engineering at Carleton University and Queen's University and he embarked on a professional engineering career...


Human Rights, the UN and the Baha’is in Iran

A comprehensive account of the interaction between the United Nations human rights system and one human rights situation -- that of the Bahá’ís in Iran.

The Bahá’í community in Iran is the largest religious minority in the country yet does not feature in its constitution. This survey traces the course of the human rights of the Bahá’ís after the...


‘Údí Khammár

‘Údí Khammár (d. 1879) was a wealthy merchant who owned properties in ‘Akká which came to be used by Bahá’u’lláh and His family.
Khammár was a Maronite Christian who became a notable figure in the city of ‘Akká and he and his family were patrons of the Church of St. George in the city. He had a house in the city which was adjacent to a...


National Spiritual Assembly of South and West Africa

The National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá’ís of South and West Africa was the body responsible for administrating the Bahá’í community of South Africa, Basutoland, Zululand, Swaziland, Bechuanaland, South West Africa, Angola, Northern Rhodesia, Southern Rhodesia, Nyasaland, Mozambique, Madagascar, Reunion Island, Mauritius, and St. Helena. The...


Daniel Pierce

Daniel Pierce Olam (b. 1975) is a Baháʼí serving as a Counsellor for Australasia.
Pierce's father, Charlie, was a Baháʼí who served as an Auxiliary Board member and in January 1987 he accompanied his father on a teaching trip across Santo Island in Vanuatu on foot at the age of twelve. As of 2004 he was living in Tahiti and serving as...


Sadie and Mabry Oglesby

Sadie (April 10, 1881, Concord NC - Feb 1956, Boston, MA) and Mabry Oglesby (January 14, 1870, South Carolina - May 19, 1945, Boston, MA) were married in October 1901 and were early African-American Bahá'ís. The couple became interested in the religion in 1913, joined it in 1917. Mabry was visible in newspaper coverage first as a Bahá'í from 1920,...


Albert Schwarz

Albert Schwarz (December 14, 1871 - January 13, 1931) was an early German Bahá'í. He served the Faith on the National Spiritual Assembly of Germany and Austria as Chairman, and in his career served as a Councillor of Commerce and as Consul of the Kingdom of Norway in Germany.
Albert and his wife Alice first heard of the Bahá'í Faith in...


‘Abdu’l-Fattáh Sabrí

‘Abdu’l-Fattáh Sabrí (d. August 8, 1957) was an early Egyptian Bahá’í who served on the National Spiritual Assembly of Egypt and Sudan.
Sabrí was born into a Muslim family in Egypt. He was introduced to the Bahá’í Faith by his brother ‘Abdu’r-Rahmán Rushdí at some point between 1914 and 1918 and became an active members of the Bahá’í...


The Life of the Báb

The Life of the Báb is the first book in a series of books about the Central Figures of the Bahá'i Faith. It is only 30 pages long, and is written in a straightforward style. It is suitable for the reluctant reader, for people for whom English is not a first language, and for those who are not yet ready to read a full biography. Although the...


Enterprise, Kansas

Enterprise, Kansas was the first site in Kansas where Baha'i classes were given. These were held in the parlor of the home of Barbara Ehrsam in the summer of 1897. The teacher was Ibrahim Kheiralla who had started the classes a few years earlier in Chicago. News about his classes was spread by newspapers all across Kansas. This may have been the...



The Bahá'í Faith in Iran is the country's second-largest religion after Islam and the birthplace of the three central figures of the religion – The Báb, Bahá'u'lláh and 'Abdu'l-Bahá. Since its inception the religion has had involvement in socio-economic development beginning by giving greater freedom to women, promulgating the promotion of female...



The Gabonese Republic is a coastal country in Central Africa. Its official language is French, and Fang, Myene, Punu, and Nzebi are also widely spoken.

The region has been inhabited since ancient times by the Pygmy and later the Bantu people. In the 18th century the Kingdom of Orungu was founded in the region. In 1885 France occupied the region...


National Spiritual Assembly of Liberia

National Spiritual Assembly, Bahá’ís of Liberia

The Bahá’í Faith in Liberia was administrated by the National Spiritual Assembly of West Africa from 1970, and the National Spiritual Assembly of Liberia and Guinea from 1975. The independent National Spiritual Assembly of Liberia was formed in 1982.

The Assembly was disbanded during the...


March of the Institutions

A Commentary on the Interdependence of Rulers and Learned.
Published in 1984, this little booklet gives an outline on the role of both Divinely Appointed Arms of the Administrat6ive Order. The term 'rulers and learned' was used by Baha'u'llah to define the two lines of administrative authority and responsibility in His Faith. This book...



In the Bahá’í Faith the Qiblih () refers to the location that Bahá’ís should face when saying their daily obligatory prayers, and is fixed at the Shrine of Bahá’u’lláh, near `Akká, in present day Israel.

The Qiblih was originally identified by the Báb with "the One Whom God will make manifest", a messianic figure predicted by the Báb. ...


National Spiritual Assembly of Soviet Union

The National Spiritual Assembly of the Bahá’ís of the Soviet Union was the national administrative body briefly responsible for administrating the Bahá’í Faith in the Soviet Union.

The National Spiritual Assembly of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was formed in 1991.

The Soviet Union was dissolved in December 1991, and a...


Eminent Bahá’ís in the time of Bahá’u’lláh

At the time of his death in 1980, Hasan Balyuzi was midway through his intended four-volume study of the life and times of Bahá’u’lláh. He had already completed the first volume, his unequalled biography, 'Bahá'u'lláh, the King of Glory'.

This second volume, and his last major work, describing the effect of the new Revelation upon eighteen of the...



The People's Democratic Republic of Algeria is a North African country. Arabic and Berber are the official languages of the country, and French and Algerian Arabic are also widely spoken.

The region has been inhabited since the Prehistoric era and it is the origin of the Berber culture. In ancient history it became apart of Carthage, but after...


Seat of the International Teaching Center

Built in the third stage of the building of the Arc, the Seat of the International Teaching Center is where the International Teaching Center is based. The architect was Hossein Amanat and it was completed in 2001.

It is located on the arc laid out by the Guardian on the slope of Mount Carmel above and to the east of the Shrine of the Báb. It is...


Paul Lucas

Paul Lucas is a Bahá'í who pioneered to Mexico and served as an Auxiliary Board member and Counsellor for Central America.
Lucas pioneered to Mexico in 1969 and by 1972 he was serving as an Auxiliary Board member in Mexico and spoke at the 1972 International Bahá'í Conference in Panama at which the Panama House of Worship was dedicated....


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